Though this topic seems to be an easy one, Adverbs can make you score as well as lose significant marks in the English section. Adverbs, is an important figure of speech but quite tricky to identify. This is first post in this series for SSC CGL 2017. Please go through it to have a clear understanding of the topic.
The verb “adverb” comes from the latin word “ad”- in addition, and ‘verbum’-word.It is a word that adds more to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
I dreamt about you last night. (dreamt=verb; last night=adverb)
The heart patient collapsed quite suddenly. (suddenly=adverb; quite=adverb)
An adverb is usually placed after the verb when it is used in a sentence as follows:
The train will arrive soon.
They struggled hard to reach the top.
Unlike adjectives, adverbs do not modify nouns.
CORRECT: The woman has a beautiful daughter.(Adjective)
INCORRECT: The woman has a beautifully daughter.(Adverb)
CORRECT: She was still sad about it.(Adverb)
INCORRECT: She was still sadly about it.(Adverb)
Some words can be both adverbs and adjectives as follow: far, hard and long.It is important to distinguish how they are used.
Where I live isn’t far from here.(Adjective)
She found the work quite hard.(Adjective)
If we exercise regularly, we may live longer lives.(Adjective)
Adverbs usually answer the following questions:
When? Yesterday.(‘We met yesterday.’)
How? Slowly.(‘The turtle moves slowly.’)
How often? ometimes.(‘Sometimes it stops responding.’)
To what degree? Very.(‘She was very pleased.’)
An adverb can describe a verb:
She runs quickly.
An adverb can describe an adjective:
She is so beautiful.
An adverb can describe another adverb:
She smokes very rarely.
An adverb can describe an entire sentence:
Naturally, you don’t have to come.
TYPES OF ADVERBS
Adverb of Time- This shows when an action or something is done or happens.It answers the question “When?” It is either placed at the beginning or at the end of a sentence, When they are at the beginning, they are often emphasized.
Let’s talk now.
I will do it later.
He promised to write back soon.
I saw her a few months ago.
I phoned you yesterday.
Adverb of place- This shows where an action or something is done or happens.It answers the question “Where?”
Such adverbs are placed after the verb.
We are here.
He went home.
We found him outside.
They like to walk along the river.
Adverb of manner- This shows how an action or something is done.It answers the question “How?” The adverb is placed after the verb when it is used in a sentence.They run happily.
He handled the situation well.
She cried loudly./He drives quickly./She speaks softly.
Adverb of Degree or Quantity- This answers the questions, To what degree? Or How much? It is usually placed before the adjective and the adverb.
He is very concerned with you.
You are totally right.
Last night it rained very heavily.
Adverb of frequency- This answers the question How often? Adverbs of frequency are very important because we often use them. Examples of these adverbs include: never, rarely, seldom, hardly ever, ocassionly, usually, always, often and ever.
He is usually here on time.
Praveen seldom reads the bible.
Does he ever come to play chess?
Adverbs of duration– It shows the length of the action or state.
He works there temporarily.
The world is constantly changing.
Adverbs will surely not trouble you anymore after these SuPERHACKS and if you have any issues or questions, feel free to write to us at email@example.com.
All the Best !
PS: Team SSCHacks recommends the following books to boost your preparation: