In an earlier post, we told you that the English Language is a WORK IN PROGRESS and we know, something that is itself not complete cannot be definite. Thus, English is a major concern for SSC CGL 2018 and we are here to help you with ACTIVE and PASSIVE voice because this is a confusing topic where candidates prefer their instincts more than the rules and commit errors. Since each question needs only around 5 seconds to answer, we call this topic ‘A GOOD DEAL‘!
For a quick revision, Voice is of two types:
Active Voice: The direct speech made by the subject.
Passive Voice: The revision speech by any third person.
There are some IMPORTANT HACKS which you must keep in mind while attempting the questions related to ACTIVE and PASSIVE voice in SSC CGL 2018. These rules are to convert the sentence from Active Voice into Passive Voice. The HACKS are:
- Convert the object of Active Voice into the subject of Passive Voice.
- Convert the subject of Active Voice into the object of Passive Voice by using agent ‘BY’.
- ALWAYS use verb (3rd form) immediately after helping verb in passive voice.
- NEVER use verb(1st form) in Passive Voice.
- First, check Tense of Active Voice always. If the Active Voice belongs to Perfect Continuous Tense of any Present, Past & Future OR Future Continuous Tense. then the conversion of Passive voice is not possible.
Here is a table for quick reference:
Simple present tense
|Verb form: The First form of the verb.
Examples: They speak English here.
He speaks English.
|Verb form: is / am / are + past participle form of the verb.
Examples: English is spoken here.
English is spoken by him.
Present continuous tense
|Verb form: is/am/are + -ing form of the verb.
Examples: She is writing a letter.
I am learning my lessons.
You are making a cake.
|Verb form: is/am/are + being + past participle form of the verb.
Examples: A letter is being written by her.
My lessons are being learnt by me.
A cake is being made by you.
|Present perfect tense||Verb form: has/have + past participle form of the verb.
Examples: I have written a novel.
She has finished the job.
You have written letters.
|Verb form: has/have + been + past participle form of the verb.
Examples:A novel has been written by me.
The job has been finished by her.
Letters have been written by you.
|Simple past||Verb form: past tense form of the verb.
Examples: I wrote a letter.
Ram broke a glass.
You missed the chance.
|Verb form: was/were + past participle form of the verb.
Examples: A letter was written by me.
A glass was broken by Ram.
The chance was missed by you.
|Past continuous tense||Verb form: was/were + -ing form of the verb.
Examples: I was learning my lessons.
She was writing a report.
They were making toys.
|Verb form: was/were + being + past participle form of the verb.
Examples:My lessons were being learnt by me.
A report was being written by her.
Toys were being made by them.
|Past perfect tense||Verb form: had + past participle form of the verb.
I had finished the project.
She had learned her lessons.
|Verb form: had + been + past participle form of the verb.
The project had been finished by me.
Her lessons had been learned from her.
Simple future tense
|Verb form: will/shall + first form of the verb.
I will finish the job.
She will solve the problem.
|Verb form: will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb.
The job will be finished by me.
The problem will be solved by her.
|Future perfect||Verb form: will/shall + have + past participle form of the verb.
I will have finished the job.
She will have solved the problem.
Verb form: will/shall + have + been + past participle form of the verb.
The job will have been finished by me.
The problem will have been solved by her.
Hope you find these HACKS useful and handy while preparing for SSC CGL 2018. For queries or feedback write to:
firstname.lastname@example.org or leave a reply below in comments.
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– Team SSCHacks
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